Abstract A number of studies have been carried out focused on soil pollution and toxicity in proximity of different industrial facilities respectively focused on a) bauxite manufacturing in Gardanne (southern France), b) steel production in Taranto (southern Italy) and c) oil refining (Augusta-Priolo, SE Sicily). Soil samples collected at various distances and coordinates from the main facilities were analyzed for their levels of inorganic and organic contaminants. Among the various analytes, a special focus was devoted to rare earth elements (REEs) as related to their presence in bauxite and to their use as additives in oil refining. Organic analyses were performed by measuring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and of total hydrocarbons. Bioassays were carried out on the early life stages of three sea urchin species and on a nematode. In Gardanne, the effects of soil samples showed heightened toxicity at two sites, close to the bauxite processing plant main entrance and around the power plant, which was consistent with the highest concentrations found for metals and PAHs, respectively. REE concentrations showed the third highest concentration among inorganics at all sites. In Taranto area, both the analytical and the bioassay data of soil samples showed discontinuous distribution along with the distance from the steel foundry and with the presence of the urbanized areas. In the Augusta-Priolo area, topsoil samples were tested for toxicity in multiple bioassay models, and samples collected at sites closest to defined petrochemical facilities were highest in select pollutants and correlated with biological effects in different toxicity endpoints. Altogether, these studies provide consistent data of soil toxicity, metal and REE contamination at sampling sites, and may provide an appropriate baseline for epidemiological studies
Biography Dr. Giovanni Pagano have Over one hundred-fifty articles in peer-reviewed journals, mostly as first or corresponding author; 22 book chapters, 11 contract reports, over 40 meeting presentations, and multi-decade long experience in international lecturing. Editor of a recently published book. Established experience both in environmental research and, in the recent decade, studies focusing on the adverse effects of rare earth elements (REEs) and on the present and prospect use of REEs in agronomy and zootechny. Coordinator or participant in EC- and a NATO-supported projects, including study design, project management, and writing reports. Experience in interacting with national and international scientists by interfacing the respective science expertise. An over 25 year-long experience in peer-review for journals and as referee for research funding agencies has contributed to enhance GP’s skills both in critical judgement and in editorial work. Current activity in maintaining and extending international contacts, in publication, university lecturing and in lab work.
Dr. Akitoshi Matsuda
Name : Dr. Akitoshi Matsuda
University : Nishinippon Institute of Technology
Country : Japan
Abstract The rapid and accurate measurement of greenhouse gas concentrations that contribute to global warming is necessary and important in various fields. Therefore, a method was proposed to measure the concentration of the gas using ultrasonic waves without direct contact with hydrofluorocarbons, one of the greenhouse gases. Mixing gases with different specific heat ratios complicates the calculation algorithm and increases calculation time. In this study, we applied a design methodology suitable for implementing high-speed arithmetic algorithms using both model-based design and hardware implementation. The proposed sensor for measuring gas concentration by ultrasonic waves was realized on hardware, and the gas concentration calculation achieved high speed.
Biography Dr. Akitoshi Matsuda received a Ph.D. degree in automotive science from Kyushu University in 2021, Fukuoka, Japan and a B.E. and M.E. degree in Computer and Information Engineering in 1991 and 1993, respectively from Kyushu Institute Technology, Fukuoka, Japan. In 1993, he joined Kyushu Matsushita Electric Corporation, Fukuoka, Japan. In 2014, he was transferred to Panasonic Corporation, where he has been working on designing system LSI for advanced communication equipment. He is currently working at the Nishinippon Institute of Technology.
Dr. Ioannis Zikeloglou
Name : Dr. Ioannis Zikeloglou
University : University of Athens
Country : Greece
Dr. Ioannis zikeloglou is a career fire officer (Captain) in the Hellenic Fire Service with an MSc degree in Analysis and Management of Physical and Manmade Disasters. Also, he is a PhD student at the Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. During the performance of his duties he served in the posts of fire commander, fire prevention officer and press management officer. He is special instructor for protection of Critical Infrastructures with Accreditation/License Provider of non-formal education. He has great experience as crisis management instructor having co-operation with public and private education providers. He is an expert at contingency planning for manmade and natural disasters and he published a book for the Strategy of training in the overall management of gas escape.
Dr. Raul B. Rebak
Name : Dr. Raul B. Rebak
University : General Electric Research in Schenectady
Country : USA
Dr. Raul B. Rebak is a corrosion research scientist at General Electric Research in Schenectady, New York since 2007. Previously he was the lead for materials corrosion testing in the Yucca Mountain Project at the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Raul has more than 30 years’ experience in environmental degradation processes of materials in many fields including nuclear power, oil & gas, energy storage, healthcare, transportation, and aerospace. Raul is a Fellow of both NACE International and ASM International.
Dr. Enrique Lozano
Name : Dr. Enrique Lozano
University : University of La Laguna
Country : Spain
Dr. Enrique Lozano-Bilbao is a highly accomplished researcher in the field of Marine Biology, with a specific focus on Biodiversity and Conservation. He obtained his doctoral degree in Marine Biology from the University of La Laguna in 2020. With a specialization in marine ecotoxicology, he has made significant contributions to the field through his extensive research. His work has been widely recognized and published in numerous indexed papers, with an impressive 50% of them being classified in the Q1 category. Throughout his career, He has actively engaged in collaborative efforts and academic exchanges. He has completed research stays and collaborations at esteemed institutions such as the Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (IPMA), Instituto Español de Oceanografía de Canarias (IEO), Cadi Ayyad University in Morocco, and the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.
Dr. Arief S. Budiman
Name : Dr. Arief S. Budiman
University : Oregon Institute of Technology
Country : United States
Dr. Arief Suriadi Budiman received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Institute of Technology, Bandung (ITB), Indonesia, his M.EngSc in Materials Engineering from Monash University, Australia and his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Stanford University, CA in 2008. During his doctoral candidacy at Stanford’s Department of Materials Science & Engineering under the supervision of Professor William D. Nix (MRS Von Hippel Award 2007), Dr. Budiman received several research awards (MRS Graduate Silver Award 2006, MRS Best Paper 2006) and contributed to several high-impact journal publications (Acta Materialia, Applied Physics Letters, Journal of Electronic Materials). Subsequently, Dr. Budiman has been awarded the prestigious Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Director’s Research Fellowship in 2009 to conduct top strategic research for the energy and national security missions of the Los Alamos National Laboratory’s. Dr. Budiman has a truly international career being academics in Singapore (2013-2019), Indonesia (2020-2021) and the United States (MIT – Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2014/5, and currently at Oregon Tech – Oregon Institute of Technology/OIT), as well as collaborating with researchers in Europe (ANR), China (Chinese Academy of Sciences) and Japan (Tokyo University). He has published a book “Probing Crystal Plasticity at the Nanoscales – Synchrotron X-ray Microdiffraction” (Springer 2015).
Dr. Pejman Kazempoor
Name : Dr. Pejman Kazempoor
University : University of Oklahoma
Country : USA
Dr. Pejman Kazempoor is the Director of the Energy Sustainability Laboratory at OU. Prior to his employment with OU, Dr. Kazempoor had worked in research and development for Baker Hughes, and the GE Global Research where he was responsible for driving innovative research and development activities and taking early-stage technologies from the conceptual stage to full commercialization with the business units. He also spent time in the academia as a researcher at Colorado School of Mines, the Max Planck Institute and EMPA- Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology. Dr. Kazempoor is the recipient of BHGE’s 2018 Technology Excellence Award, and Associate Editor for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering-Elsevier. He also published more than 50 papers in various national and international peer-reviewed journals and conferences, including a book chapter. Dr. Kazempoor’s innovative experience is also highlighted by several patent applications.
Dr. Xiaolin Wang
Name : Dr. Xiaolin Wang
University : University of Tasmania
Country : Australia
Professor Wang enjoys a strong record in research fields including thermodynamics, cooling engineering, desalination and utilization of renewable energy. He is a Fellow of Engineers Australia and member of the World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies. He won the DAAD visiting fellowship by DAAD Germany in 2003 and Ludwig Mond Prize 2005, by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) of United Kingdom. He won the Australian China Young Scientist Exchange Program award in 2009 and the Australian Japan Emerging Research Leader Program award in 2016 by the Australia Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE). He received “Dean’s Award” for outstanding research performance in 2016. He was named as Field Leader in thermal science by the Australian Research Magazine in 2018. He is Associate Editor of IMechE Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering and Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Guest editor of Applied Sciences and editorial board member for five international journals.
Dr. Alicja Krella
Name : Dr. Alicja Krella
University : Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Country : Poland
Dr. Alicja Krella is a highly experienced professional in the field of fluid dynamics and cavitation. Currently serving as the Head of Department at the Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery in Poland, they have a significant background in research and academic positions. From September 2013 to May 2019, She worked as a Professor (Assistant) at the Hydrodynamic Centre of the Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery in Gdańsk. During this time, their main focus was on studying the cavitation and slurry erosion resistance of PVD multilayer coatings and steels under various erosion intensities. They also conducted research on the slurry and thermal resistance of ceramic coatings deposited by the electrohydrodynamic method. Their contributions in these areas were accompanied by publishing research results. Prior to this role, from July 2003 to September 2013, she held a Postdoctoral Position at the Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery in the Cavitation Department. Here, their primary responsibilities involved conducting research activities related to the cavitation erosion resistance of PVD monolayer TiN and CrN coatings. In terms of education, she pursued a Field of Study in Materials Science, with a specialization in Cavitation Erosion, at the Lodz University of Technology. They completed this program from June 2012 to February 2013. Additionally, they obtained their initial academic qualifications from the Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery, where they studied Materials Science with a focus on Cavitation Erosion from October 1998 to June 2003. Before embarking on their academic journey, she attended the Gdansk University of Technology from October 1985 to November 1990. There, they pursued a Field of Study in Materials Science. Throughout their career, she has demonstrated a strong commitment to academic research, publishing their findings, and supervising doctoral students. With their extensive expertise in hydrodynamics and cavitation, they have made significant contributions to the field of fluid dynamics.